Nonfiction notes

February 9, 2012 § Leave a comment

Allusion – is a reference to another literary, artistic, or musical work.
Analogy – is a comparison of something unfamiliar with something that is better known.
Anecdote – is a brief story told to make a point or to entertain.
Assertion or viewpoint – is a claim, statement, or declaration that the writer supports with evidence or detail.
Author’s purpose – is his or her reason for writing. Authors generally write with one or more of these purposes in minds: to explain or inform, to entertain, to persuade, or to enlighten.
Bias – is a mental leaning, inclination, prejudice, or bent.
Denotation of a word is it’s dictionary definition. The connotation of a word is the surrounding emotional feelings associated with it.
Deductive reasoning – is a pattern of thought that proceeds from the known to the unknown, from the general to the specific, or from a premise to a logical conclusion.
Inductive reasoning – is a pattern of thought that proceeds from small, specific details or reasons to a broader, more general conclusion.
Irony – is a humorous or sarcastic way of saying that exact opposite of what is really meant.
Jargon – is the specialized or technical vocabulary of a particular group. Some authors use jargon to give “weight” to their writing. Others use jargon because these words best describe what they are discussing.
Lead – is the opening paragraphs of a new story and contains essential information. It usually tells who, what, where, when, why and how.
Main idea – is the central idea in a place of writing. It is what the author wants you to remember most. Some writers state the main idea directly. Others expect you to infer it.
Rhetorical question – is a question asked for effect and to make a statement or point. No answer is expected.
Satire – is a literary device used to ridicule or make fun of human vices or weaknesses. The usual purpose of satire is to correct or change the subject of the satiric attack.
Supporting details – are used to furnish evidence , describe a process, or create an impression. They help make writing vivid and believable.
Understatement – is a technique in which writers intentionally say less than is complete or true.


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